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Delhi recorded the first dengue death of the 2021 and got to witness a spike in number of Dengue cases to 723 this Monsoon season up until 16 October, according to a civic report released on 18 October.
While the infection is escalating and warned by the experts of the outbreak concern, it is to be considered that the infection is still largely preventable.
As Dengue cases rise around the nation, here are things you need to know:
What’s dengue fever?
Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection found in tropical, sub-tropical climates. Dengue fever is caused by the virus of the family Flaviviridae or the dengue virus.
How is dengue transmitted?
Mosquito-to-Human: Dengue viruses spread to people through the bites of female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. They usually breed in clean water accumulated around the house, thus monsoon season is the time rise in such case
Types of dengue viruses?
There are four types of the dengue virus according to WHO - ( DENV) - DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, DENV-4
In India, DENV-1 AND DENV-2 are more prominent. DENV-2 and DENV-4 are associated with severe dengue cases. If you recover from an infection it is believed to give life-long immunity.
Symptoms of dengue?
There are two major categories: dengue (symptomatic and asymptomatic) and severe dengue.
Dengue - high fever, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands, rashes, pain behind the eyes
Severe dengue (the critical phase when patient enters 3-7 days of the illness) - severe abdominal pain, continuous vomiting, fast breathing, bleeding gums, fatigue, restlessness, blood in vomit
What is the treatment available for dengue?
There is no specific way to treat Dengue yet. Supportive care at home includes consuming plenty of fluids, pain killers and fever reducers, and monitoring urination.
Patients with dengue should seek medical advice immediately.
How to prevent dengue infection?
The primary method to prevent the spread of dengue is by controlling the mosquito vectors.
- Preventing mosquito breeding: dispose waste properly, remove artificial water habitats, use appropriate insecticides to outdoor water storage.
- Protect yourself from getting bitten: use of repellants, mosquito nets, coils etc.
- Educate: spread awareness on control measures, keep your surroundings clean.
- Mosquito surveillance: monitoring the excess of vectors, screening of mosquito hotspots.
Is there vaccine for dengue?
There are no vaccines for Dengue yet. Dengvaxia- tetravalent live has been allowed by WHO countries like Mexico, Thailand, Indonesia, Brazil and Philippines. Research is still underway to under the side-effects of the vaccines for a healthy drive.