Being the country with the most number of Muslims all over the world, Indonesia has some of the most beautiful mosques in the World. Not only do they reflect the cultural significance of Islam in Indonesia but some of them also represent the tolerance and cultural diversity in the country.
There are a huge number of mosques in Indonesia and each mosque is known for its unique architectural design, some past stories, and many more. As the month Ramadhan approaches, Muslims from all over the world visit Indonesia either with their families to attend iftar or in a huge group to promote dawah.
If you are planning a tour to Indonesia in the upcoming month of Ramadhan, then we have mentioned some of the must-visit mosques in Indonesia during the blessed month of Ramadhan.
Top 10 Mosques in Indonesia
1. Amirul Mukminin Mosque
Also referred to as the “floating mosque”, the Amirul Mukminin is a small mosque having twin domes. As a traveler, the best time to visit this mosque is between the namaz time Asr and Maghrib i.e sunset to sunrise. The Mosque looks beautiful during this time and it looks as if it's floating.
Amirul Mukminin is one of the most unique Mosques in Indonesia not only because of the place it stands but also for its exclusive architecture. Various worshipers from all over the world come here during the month of Ramadhan to attend the grand iftar.
Location: Ujung Pandang, Kota Makassar
2. Grand Mosque of West Sumatra
The newly built mosque in Padang city of Sumatra, the Grand Mosque of West Sumatra is widely popular among tourists for being the most unique mosque in Indonesia. What attracts tourists the most is the oval-shaped rooftop of this majestic mosque.
West Sumatra was designed by the architect named Rizal Muslimin who took inspiration from the 3 symbols of Minang i.e crescent moon, water springs, and Rumah Gadang. The structure of the mosque represents the Islamic history in Minangkabau as well as the Islamic tradition of Indonesia.
While Muslims from all over over the world came here to worship, many non-muslims came here to witness the beauty of the magnificent mosque
Location: Kec. Padang Utara, Kota Padang, Sumatra
3. Al-Irsyad Mosque
Another uniquely built Mosque in Indonesia, Al-Irsyad or Ridwan Kamil Mosque is a cubical-shaped mosque inspired by the Masjid Al Qiblatey “Kaaba”, the most sacred religious site of Islam. The structure of this beautiful mosque was designed by Ridwan Kamil.
The exterior of the mosque features Arabic calligraphy which spells “La Ilaha Ilallah Mohamadur Rasullullah”, meaning “There is no God but Allah” and “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah”.
The gaps between the wall serve as the natural air conditioning system and prevent any suffocation or humidity inside the mosque.
Location: Padang City, West Sumatra
4. Rahmatan Lil-Alamin Mosque
Designed by the famous architect of Indonesia named Dr. Abdussalam Rasyidi Panji Gumilang, the Grand Rahmatan Lil Alamin is one of the largest mosques in Indonesia and also one of the top10 mosques in Asia to have a capacity of over 150,000 people. The name Rahmatan Lil-Alamin can be translated as “Mercy to all living beings from Allah”.
The Structure of this majestic mosque is very similar to the structure of the church due to its huge walls. It was built in 1999 but it looks as if it's an ancient mosque due to its unique ancient style of architecture. There are several facilities available within the mosque including a library, a center for Islamic studies, and also a hospital.
A must-visit mosque in Indonesia during the month of Ramadhan as the huge number of worshipers come here to break their fast at iftar and also perform the Taraweeh, the special prayer where the entire Quran is recited within 20 to 27 days.
Location: Gantar, Kabupaten Indramayu,
5. Baiturrahman Grand Mosque
The Baiturrahman Grand Mosque was initially built from wood by Sultan Iskandar Muda in the year 1612. Meanwhile, some sources say that it was built by Sultan Mahmudsyah in 1292. Unfortunately, it was burned down in 1873 during Aceh War and later reconstructed by Major General Vander in the year 1879.
The structure of the Baiturrahman is a little bit similar to that of India’s famous heritage “Taj Mahal”. Though the overall structure is different as it has 7 domes and 7 minarets, unlike the Taj Mahal which has only 1 dome and 4 minarets.
Baiturrahman became a major highlight after the 2004 Tsunjami as more than hundreds of people took shelter in this mosque. Many parts of the masjid that were damaged in the tsunami still survived and were later viewed by locals as a miracle of Allah.
Location: Kec. Baiturrahman, Kota Banda Aceh, Aceh
6. Great Mosque of Central Jawa
Built between 2002 to 2006, the Great Mosque of Central Java was designed as a motive to relive the glories and spirit that Prophet Mohammad felt when he built the first mosque in Madinah Munawwarah. The Great Mosque is one of the largest mosques in the Jawa Tengah.
Talking about the design of this grand mosque, it is a combination of Southeast and Arabian architecture. The mosque also features several facilities such as a museum, auditorium, Islamic culture office, library, and many more.
The courtyard features a retractable umbrella similar to those in Al-Masjid Al Nabawi in Madinah. These hydraulically-operated umbrellas are used during the Friday prayer to protect the worshipers from the hot-mid afternoon.
Location: Kota Semarang, Jawa Tengah
7. An-Nur Great Mosque
One of the grand mosques of Indonesia, the An-Nur Great Mosque is inspired by the architectural style of Arabian, Turkish, Indian, and Malay. An-Nur was built in 1968 or as per Islamic Calendar on 27 Rajab 1388 AH. The Mosque also served as the campus for the Faculty of Usul al-Din State Institute of Islamic Studies till 1973.
An-Nur also holds so much resemblance to the Taj Mahal. It is a 3-story building where the first floor has a prayer hall while the remaining 2 floors are used for office as well as meeting halls.
Location: Pekanbaru, Riau
8. Baitul Muttaqin Mosque
The Baitul Muttaqin is an iconic landmark in the city of Samarinda, Indonesia. It is regarded as an architectural marvel having 7 minarets and an exclusively beautiful dome designed with flower patterns. The Mosque is believed to be influenced by the famous grand mosque of Istanbul “Haghia Sophia”.
Also referred to as the “Islamic Center Samarinda Mosque”, Islamic learning classes are conducted especially for the people who revert or willing be to be reverted. In case you are planning to tour Indonesia in the month of Ramadhan and are also willing to learn more about Islam then this is Mosque you visit in Indonesia.
Location: Kota Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur
9. Mesjid Istiqlal
Another must-visit mosque in Indonesia during the month of Ramadhan, Masjid Istiqlal is the only one you would hear to be designed by a Christian architect. The grand mosque represents the cultural and religious diversity of Indonesia. It is situated just beside the Cathedral Church of Jakarta.
The temperature inside the mosque remains cool even during the hot mid-day due to the high ceilings and vast hallways. Mesjid Istiqlal is now the largest mosque in Southeast Asia with a capacity of over 200,000.
10. Dian Al Mahri Mosque
Widely popular as the Golden Dome Mosque, the Din Al Mahri Mosque is a combination of Persian, Arabia, and Indian architectural designs. It is a major tourist attraction in West Java due to its unique design and golden dome which is compared to that of the Taj Mahal.
The magnificent chandelier in the interior is brought in from Italy while the floor marbles and granite stones are imported from Turkey. Over 20,000 worshipers can pray in Dian Al Mahri at once including 8,000 worshipers in the inner courtyard.
Location: Depok City, West Java