Osteoarthritis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Osteoarthritis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Do you experience pain in joints while moving? If yes then you might be in the early stages of Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is responsible for inflammation in joints due to the wearing and tearing of cartilage. It makes your joints loose elasticity which can result in cartilage deterioration. This progressive disease worsens with time if not treated. Here’s everything you need to know about the Osteoarthritis symptoms, causes, and treatment.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis signs and symptoms develop gradually and worsen over time. Check whether you’re experiencing,

Pain- the affected joints might experience sharp pain during movement

Stiffness- joint stiffness is the most noticeable when you are active and inactive

Tenderness- your joint feels tender even if you apply little pressure

Loss of flexibility- the joints might not move up to their full range

Grating sensation- the joint might feel an annoying sensation like crackling or popping

Bone spurs- an extra bit of bones surround the affected joint and gives a feeling of hard lumps

Swelling- soft tissue inflammation occurs around the joint

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Cause of Osteoarthritis

There could be lots of factors that can contribute to the cause of Osteoarthritis. Here are some of them,

Heredity- the gene that makes cartilage might defect. This can lead to rapid deterioration of joints. People with an abnormality of the spine are more likely to have osteoarthritis.

Obesity- obesity increases osteoarthritis risk of the hip, knee, and spine. That’s why maintaining an ideal weight is a must.

Injury- any sort of injuries like knee-related injury or back injury might develop osteoarthritis. People with the broken bone are also prone to have osteoarthritis.

Joint overuse- overuse of joints also increases the risk of osteoarthritis development. For example, if you are in a job that requires frequent bending of the knee, then you might develop osteoarthritis.

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Osteoarthritis Treatment

The treatment of Osteoarthritis depends on the symptoms. OTC medications, home remedies, and lifestyle changes can provide relief to stiffed or swollen joints.

Medications- include oral pain reliever, topical pain reliever, corticosteroids, and Cymbalta.

Weight Management- overweight puts strain on joints and causes joint pain. Hence, shedding an extra pound might relieve your joints. It also keeps you away from health problems like heart disease and diabetes.

Adequate Sleep- rest your muscles to lower inflammation and swelling of joints. Do get enough sleep at night to manage pain effectively.

Heat and Cold Therapy- heat or cold therapy help in relieving muscle stiffness and pain. You can apply a cold or hot compress to the joint for 5-20 minutes, 3-4 times a day.

Home remedies- herbs or supplements like fish oil, ginger, and green tea can lower joint pain. Other options include physical therapy, acupuncture, and massage therapy.

Osteoarthritis Diagnosis

OA develops slowly and gets worsens over time. You might experience some of the above debilitating symptoms. For diagnosis, an X-ray of the joint is needed. The doctor also uses MRI for OA diagnosis. The imaging test makes use of magnetic fields or radio waves to create tissue and bone images.

Diagnostic tests include blood tests, synovial fluid analysis, etc to underline the root cause of inflammation.

The doctor might recommend simple stretching exercises for stiff back, hip and knee. It improves range of motion and mobility. 

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