The world celebrates International Tiger Day on July 29, but for India, the significance of this magnificent beast is higher. Tiger is India’s national animal and the number of wild tigers in the country has reached around 3000.
Today, India has roughly two-thirds of the world’s tigers and this achievement goes to the Indian government’s initiative ‘Project Tiger’.
On National Tiger’s Day, let’s learn about some facts about Project Tiger in India:
5. There Were Only 9 Tiger Reserve In India
Indian government launched ‘Project Tiger’ in 1973 with just 9 tiger reserves in its formative years. Today, India has 51 tiger reserves spread out in 18 tiger range states.
4. India Was Once Home To 40k Royal Bengal Tigers
In the early 19th century, there were about 40, 000 Royal Bengal Tigers in India. Within few decades, the population dwindled to a mere 1800. This threatening situation made tiger conservation in India an important issue.
3. Project Tiger was Launched In Jim Corbett National Park & Palamau Tiger Reserve
Project Tiger was launched in Jharkhand’s Palamau Tiger Reserve and Uttarakhand’s Jim Corbett National Park. Ever since then various tiger reserves have been created in the country.
2. Madhya Pradesh Wears The Crown Of Tiger State Of India
As per the Tiger Census 2018, Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers with 526 tigers, followed by Karnataka and Uttarakhand with 524 and 442 tigers respectively.
1. India Has 70% Of World’s Tiger Population
The global population of tigers is around 3,900 individuals. Out of these, around 3000 (2967, 2018 survey) is found in India only.
Project Tiger is administered by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) and assisted by several tiger conservation organizations. The urbanization of forests and man vs animals conflict is resulting in endangering this glorious species. On International Tiger Day 2021, let’s pledge to save tigers from extinction by spreading awareness.