When is Accession Day?
Accession Day is celebrated as a public holiday in the Indian Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir observed on October 26th every year.
History of Accession Day
This holiday represents the day October 26th 1947. It was when Maharaja Hari Singh signed the Instrument of Accession which was duly accepted and signed a day later by Lord Mountbatten, Governor-General of India, then. This completed the process of an accession under the India Independence Act of 1947.
The Indian Independence Act divided British India into India and Pakistan and 580 princely states had their sovereignty restored to them. The princely states were then given the option to remain independent or to join the Dominion of India or Pakistan.
Since the Maharaja was a Hindu but the majority of his subjects were Muslims, he sought India’s help. He wanted to remain independent because he did not want to lose his monarchical power. After tribesmen and army men from Pakistan invaded the princely state. New Delhi was willing to help him on the condition of the accession of the state to the Dominion of India.
Accession Day Jammu & Kashmir Today
In late 2019, the Lieutenant-Governor of the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, Garish Chander Murmu and his two advisors declared 26th October a gazetted holiday in the union territory.
At the same time as announcing this new holiday, Jammu and Kashmir dropped Martyr’s Day (commemorating the deaths of the 22 people who lost their lives when the Maharaja’s forces opened fire on them) and the birth anniversary of Sheikh Abdullah, former prime minister and chief minister of the union territory.
The festivities of the day are patriotic and include rallies, singing the national anthem of India, and raising the flag of India. In some parts of the state, the festivities rival those of the Hindu festival of Diwali.
Let us see how Twitter is celebrating this day:
During British rule states like j&K did not hv any sovereign or independent status. Paramouncy and suzerainty were evolved by Britishers and were in process of evolvement. #JK_AccessionDay pic.twitter.com/diisW0RV6S— Durgesh Golkar (@DGolkar1) October 26, 2021
26th October is Accession Day, the day the Indian princely state of Jammu & Kashmir formally acceded with Independent India Dominion in 1947 after the British retreated from India#JK_AccessionDay pic.twitter.com/J9Nle3RD4g— प्रमोद बापट (@bapatpramod1) October 26, 2021
Major Somnath Sharma was awarded the ParamVirChakra posthumously for his bravery in the Kashmir operations in November 1947. Major Somnath Sharma who on November 3,1947 saved Srinagar airport (and Kashmir) at the supreme cost of his life.— YOGESH SWAMI (@FEARLESSYOGESH9) October 26, 2021